Candis from the Pasuruan Area, East Java

high-definition creative commons photographs from Candi Jawi, Gunung Gangsir and Candi Belahan dating to the 13th century in the Pasuruan district in East Java together with further information.

Play Moving Slideshow (44)

 

Candi Jawi

This temple, also called Candi Jajawa, is mentioned in one of the most important literary sources from Javanese history, the Nagarakertagama as being built to house the remains of King Kertanagara, the last of the Singhasari Kings.

It is rather unusual as being built of two types of stone, black stone from local quarries, and white stone in the middle section, which must have been brought from Central Java. The compound is around 60x40m and is surrounded, unusually, by a moat. The temple itself is around 14x9m and rises to a height of 24 metres, resembling somewhat the temples at Prambanan.

The Singhasari kingdom was a unique blend of Saivism and Buddhism, and the temple, at least at one point clearly showed that, with statues of Hindu gods and goddesses on the lower parts of the structures, and Buddhas nearer the top. Unfortunately most of these have been removed now, and are either in the Trowulan or the Mpu Tantular Museums; or have gone missing altogether.

There are reliefs around the temple, but the story they illustrate has not been identified. They are a little worn down, and sometimes unclear. There is a gopura at the back of the temple, a brick built building, which is fairly dilapadated. I have included a photo of Durga taken at the Mpu Tantular Museum, which used to belong to the candi.

01 View from South, Candi Jawi

01 View from South,
Candi Jawi

02 Turret, Candi Jawi

02 Turret,
Candi Jawi

03 Children on the Candi, Candi Jawi

03 Children on the Candi,
Candi Jawi

04 Turret, Candi Jawi

04 Turret,
Candi Jawi

05 Moat surrounding the Candi

05 Moat surrounding the Candi

06 Lotus Flowers

06 Lotus Flowers

07 Brick Gopura, Candi Jawi

07 Brick Gopura,
Candi Jawi

08 Yoni, Candi Jawi

08 Yoni,
Candi Jawi

09 Reliefs, Candi Jawi

09 Reliefs,
Candi Jawi

010 Reliefs, Candi Jawi

010 Reliefs,
Candi Jawi

011 Family under a Tree, Candi Jawi

011 Family under a Tree,
Candi Jawi

012 Woman in Fields, Candi Jawi

012 Woman in Fields,
Candi Jawi

013 Elephants, Candi Jawi

013 Elephants,
Candi Jawi

014 Horse and People, Candi Jawi

014 Horse and People,
Candi Jawi

015 Holding an Umbrella, Candi Jawi

015 Holding an Umbrella,
Candi Jawi

016 Bearing Gifts, Candi Jawi

016 Bearing Gifts,
Candi Jawi

017 Procession, Candi Jawi

017 Procession,
Candi Jawi

018 Procession, Candi Jawi

018 Procession,
Candi Jawi

019 Man in Jungle, Candi Jawi

019 Man in Jungle,
Candi Jawi

020 Bearing Offerings, Candi Jawi

020 Bearing Offerings,
Candi Jawi

021 Priests and People, Candi Jawi

021 Priests and People,
Candi Jawi

022 Courtyard, Candi Jawi

022 Courtyard,
Candi Jawi

023 Various Scenes, Candi Jawi

023 Various Scenes,
Candi Jawi

024 Near the Waters, Candi Jawi

024 Near the Waters,
Candi Jawi

025 Temples, Candi Jawi

025 Temples,
Candi Jawi

026 Temples, Candi Jawi

026 Temples,
Candi Jawi

027 People Sitting, Candi Jawi

027 People Sitting,
Candi Jawi

028 Pendopo, Candi Jawi

028 Pendopo,
Candi Jawi

029 Pendopo and Houses, Candi Jawi

029 Pendopo and Houses,
Candi Jawi

030 Village Scene, Candi Jawi

030 Village Scene,
Candi Jawi

031 Faded Scene, Candi Jawi

031 Faded Scene,
Candi Jawi

032 Under a Tree, Candi Jawi

032 Under a Tree,
Candi Jawi

033 With Muslim Students, Candi Jawi

033 With Muslim Students,
Candi Jawi

034 Durga Mahesasuramardini, Mpu Tantular Museum

034 Durga Mahesasuramardini,
Mpu Tantular Museum

Gunung Gangsir

This is a very large and impressive construction on four floors, which must have had many statues and reliefs on it oiginally, as we can see from the remaining niches. However, most of these have disappeared now. We have little information about the temple from ancient times, and its exact role and purpose remain unknown. Entrance to the site nowadays is from the north-east, which faces the back wall of the candi.

035 Main Entrance, Gunung Gangsir

035 Main Entrance,
Gunung Gangsir

036 View from South, Gunung Gangsir

036 View from South,
Gunung Gangsir

037 View from North, Gunung Gangsir

037 View from North,
Gunung Gangsir

038 Approach View, Gunung Gangsir

038 Approach View,
Gunung Gangsir

039 Niches and Brickwork, Gunung Gangsir

039 Niches and Brickwork,
Gunung Gangsir

040 Inside the Turret, Gunung Gangsir

040 Inside the Turret,
Gunung Gangsir

Candi Belahan

This candi, which lies in the foothills of Mount Penanggungan, marks the spot where the last King of the Kediri kingdom, Airlangga, had his retreat. It was here that he divided his kingdom between his two sons. Eventually one of them would win out and found the Singhasari kingdom, which succeeded Kediri, although it lasted less than 100 years. There is little remains here now, just a small pond, and statues of the goddesses, Dewi Laksmi and Dewi Sri. The King is also supposedly buried at this place, though there are no markers now.

041 Fountain Figures, Candi Belahan

041 Fountain Figures,
Candi Belahan

042 Goddess, Candi Belahan

042 Goddess,
Candi Belahan

043 Goddess, Candi Belahan

043 Goddess,
Candi Belahan

044 Kala, Candi Belahan

044 Kala,
Candi Belahan

045 Airlangga's Inscription, Mpu Tantular Museum

045 Airlangga's Inscription,
Mpu Tantular Museum

046 Airlangga as Visnu, riding Garuda, Museum Mojopahit

046 Airlangga as Visnu, riding Garuda, Museum Mojopahit

 

Photographs by Anandajoti Bhikkhu

About this Website

Creative Commons License
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License