Trowulan Tombs

high-definition creative commons photographs from of tombs in Trowulan (Wilwatikta), the capital of Majapahit together with further information.

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Tombs in Trowulan (Wilwatikta), the Capital of the Majapahit Kingdom

The area now known as Trowulan is the site of the capital of the Majapahit Kingdom (13th-15th centuries), at which time it was known as Wilwatikta. The area contains many candis, archeological sites, and a museum, all of which are represented in a separate album. Here we have some of the many famous tombs and memorial sites from the ancient city.

One of the most important historical sources for the kingdom is the Nagarakretagama, a 14th century Old Javanese poem, which glorified the then King, Hayam Wuruk, and describes the royal and religious life of the capital and its king. A lot of what we know about the kingdom comes from decriptions contained in this poem.

Siti Inggil

The first of the tombs we are featuring here is also one of the most important, as it houses the tomb of King Raden Wijaya, who was the founder of the Majapahit Kingdom who reigned from 1293–1309. His period is notable for the victory over the forces of Kublai Khan, who had subdued virtually every other kingdom he attempted to.

The King took two groups of siblings as wives, to ensure his legitamcy to the throne, and a number of them are buried with him in this quite modest tomb. They include Gayatri Rajapatni, through whom his succession prevailed; and Dhoro (Dara) Pethak, who was brought to the court from Sumatra during the Pamalayu Expedition.

01 General View, Siti Inggil

01 General View
Siti Inggil

02 Side Entrance, Siti Inggil

02 Side Entrance
Siti Inggil

03 Tree and Main Entrance, Siti Inggil

03 Tree and Main Entrance
Siti Inggil

04 Buddha Statue, Siti Inggil

04 Buddha Statue
Siti Inggil

05 Entrance, Siti Inggil

05 Entrance
Siti Inggil

06 Tree and Shrine, Siti Inggil

06 Tree and Shrine
Siti Inggil

07 Outside Tomb, Siti Inggil

07 Outside Tomb
Siti Inggil

08 Tombs of Raden Wijaya and Queens, Siti Inggil

08 Tombs of Raden Wijaya and Queens
Siti Inggil

09 Tombs and Umbrellas, Siti Inggil

09 Tombs and Umbrellas
Siti Inggil

010 Queen's Tombs, Siti Inggil

010 Queen's Tombs
Siti Inggil

011 Umbrellas, Siti Inggil

011 Umbrellas
Siti Inggil

012 Curtaining, Siti Inggil

012 Curtaining
Siti Inggil

013 Deva, Siti Inggil

013 Deva
Siti Inggil

014 Deva, Siti Inggil

014 Deva
Siti Inggil

015 Outside Tomb, Siti Inggil

015 Outside Tomb
Siti Inggil

016 Dwarapala, Siti Inggil

016 Dwarapala
Siti Inggil

017 Dwarapala, Siti Inggil

017 Dwarapala
Siti Inggil

018 Dwarapala, Close Up, Siti Inggil

018 Dwarapala, Close Up
Siti Inggil

Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

Tri Buana Tungga Dewi was the daughter of Raden Wijaya, through Gayatri, and the third ruler of the Majapahit Kingdom, after her brother passed away. By the time of her ascension to the throne her mother was a Buddhist nun, and it is speculated that Gayatri ruled by proxy through her daughter. Tungga Dewi was also the mother of Hayum Wuruk, whose tomb features below. She ruled the Kingdom from 1328-1350. During her reign the Kingdom expanded greatly, and came to incorporate Bali as well as other previously independent Kingdoms in the area.

019 Signboard, Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

019 Signboard
Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

020 Entrance and Side Shrine, Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

020 Entrance and Side Shrine
Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

021 Secondary Shrine House, Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

021 Secondary Shrine House
Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

022 Banyan Tree, Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

022 Banyan Tree
Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

023 Queen's Tomb, Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

023 Queen's Tomb
Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

024 Queen's Tomb, Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

024 Queen's Tomb
Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

025 Tomb in Shrine, Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

025 Tomb in Shrine
Petilasan Tri Buana Tungga Dewi

Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

The greatest of the Majapahit Kings was the grandson of Raden Wijaya, Hayum Wuruk, who reigned from 1350-1389. It was during this king's time that the empire reached its greatest extent. He is the central figure and hero of the Nagarakretagama, which describes life at the court and religious life of the times, including the King’s visits to many temples, featured elsewhere in this website.

The Petilasan featured here are still objects of pilgrimage to this day, and are also used as places for meditation, and help very much to keep alive the memory and culture of the Kingdoms in contemporary society. It is believed by the locals that the tomb here contains the ashes of this great King.

026 General View, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

026 General View
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

027 Pendopo, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

027 Pendopo
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

028 Memorial House, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

028 Memorial House
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

029 Side View of House, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

029 Side View of House
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

030 Back View of House, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

030 Back View of House
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

031 Outside Shrine, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

031 Outside Shrine
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

032 Main Entrance, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

032 Main Entrance
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

033 Tomb of Hayum Wuruk, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

033 Tomb of Hayum Wuruk
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

034 Tomb and Umbrellas, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

034 Tomb and Umbrellas
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

035 The Kings Good Deeds, Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

035 The Kings Good Deeds
Petilasan Hayam Wuruk

Makam Putri Cempo

The last King of Majapahit was King Prabu Brawijaya V. He brought a wife from Champa (modern day south Vietnam), and she was instrumental in the King's conversion to Islam. She is therefore considered a pivotal figure in the development of Javan hisotry. Her tomb, and that of many others, are still very much a pilgrimage site for Muslims, who gatehr here in numbers on certain days.

036 Entrance, Makam Putri Cempo

036 Entrance
Makam Putri Cempo

037 Pathways, Makam Putri Cempo

037 Pathways
Makam Putri Cempo

038 Graves, Makam Putri Cempo

038 Graves
Makam Putri Cempo

039 Graves, Makam Putri Cempo

039 Graves
Makam Putri Cempo

040 Graves, Makam Putri Cempo

040 Graves
Makam Putri Cempo

041 Graves, Makam Putri Cempo

041 Graves
Makam Putri Cempo

042 Graveyard, Makam Putri Cempo

042 Graveyard
Makam Putri Cempo

043 Family Grave, Makam Putri Cempo

043 Family Grave
Makam Putri Cempo

044 Tombs, Makam Putri Cempo

044 Tombs
Makam Putri Cempo

045 Tombs, Makam Putri Cempo

045 Tombs
Makam Putri Cempo

046 Main Tombs, Makam Putri Cempo

046 Main Tombs
Makam Putri Cempo

047 Tomb of the Campa Princess, Makam Putri Cempo

047 Tomb of the Campa Princess
Makam Putri Cempo

048 Tomb Stone, Makam Putri Cempo

048 Tomb Stone
Makam Putri Cempo

049 Outer Tombs, Makam Putri Cempo

049 Outer Tombs
Makam Putri Cempo

050 Gate and Steps, Makam Putri Cempo

050 Gate and Steps
Makam Putri Cempo

051 Tomb, Makam Putri Cempo

051 Tomb
Makam Putri Cempo

052 Double Tomb, Makam Putri Cempo

052 Double Tomb
Makam Putri Cempo

053 Date, Makam Putri Cempo

053 Date
Makam Putri Cempo

Makam Troloyo

This is an Islamic graveyard, with tombs dating from the 14th century, during Hayum Wuruk's period, to the 16th century, by which time Majapahit had fallen and Islam was successfully established in its wake. The complex itself is divided into two sections, the front section contains the tombs of seven great saints; and a back section which has a miscellany of important tombs. The thing to notice is the continuity of tomb structure from the earliest period to the latest. Even though some of them were great rulers over large empires, their tombs were simple and humble.

054 Signboard, Makam Troloyo

054 Signboard
Makam Troloyo

055 Gateway, Makam Troloyo

055 Gateway
Makam Troloyo

056 Covered Walkway, Makam Troloyo

056 Covered Walkway
Makam Troloyo

057 Tomb under Tree, Makam Troloyo

057 Tomb under Tree
Makam Troloyo

058 Tomb under Tree, Makam Troloyo

058 Tomb under Tree
Makam Troloyo

059 Inside Tomb, Makam Troloyo

059 Inside Tomb
Makam Troloyo

060 Saint's Tomb, Makam Troloyo

060 Saint's Tomb
Makam Troloyo

061 Saint's Tomb, Makam Troloyo

061 Saint's Tomb
Makam Troloyo

 

Photographs by Anandajoti Bhikkhu

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